Environment, Economy and Energy

About the Centre

The researchers of the Centre for Environment, Economy and Energy (C3E) operate at the crossroads of today’s turbulent transitions, which constitute key governance challenges and opportunities in Europe and worldwide. The sustainability imperative requires private and public decision-makers to steer our societies towards decarbonised, resource efficient economies as recognised in the European Green Deal, New Generation Europe, in the 2015 Paris Agreement and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). If governed successfully, this presents the prospect of rejuvenating our socio-economic and political systems, making them fit for a sustainable future.

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The Centre analyses and develops innovative legal and policy instruments that can be used to govern the transitions, within the EU and in its external relations. Positioning ourselves at the interface of academia with political, legal and other societal decision-making, we focus in particular on the international and European governance of the environmental, economic and energy transitions and their interactions.

Today’s transitions entail a techno-economic element about how innovation in different sectors of our (market) economies can come about and conquer the marketplace. Our researchers also pay attention to the governance of democratic transitions, and the ensuing reconciliation of diverging societal values.

Key Themes

  • The techno-economic transition
  • Democratic transition governance
  • Reconciliation of values
  • Innovative laws, policies and policy frameworks
  • European external relations
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Power to X and Carbon Capture & Utilization Roadmap for Belgium

Period March 2020 - February 2025
Funded By

Directorate-General for Energy

PLATON - PLATform for Open and Nationally accessible climate policy knowledge

Period January 2019 - December 2022
Funded By

Fridtjof Nansen Institute

The Research Council of Norway

Policy integration: decarbonisation and security of supply in the European Union's external energy policy

Period January 2019 - December 2022
Funded By

Fonds Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek

Jean Monnet Module: The Economics of European (Dis) -integration

Period September 2019 - August 2022
Funded By

Erasmus +

CONNECT - Understanding the international context for Norway's low-emission economy transition

Period September 2017 - August 2021
Funded By

The Research Council of Norway/KLIMAFORSK Programme

Kiertotalous ja tuotepolitiikan ohjauskeinot

Period April 2020 - May 2021
Funded By

Finish Prime Minister's Office

Beton Naar Beton

Period March 2018 - February 2021
Funded By

Interreg Europe

Hiili- ja ympäristöjalanjälki hankinnoissa – lainsäädäntö ja mittaaminen

Period April 2020 - December 2020
Funded By

Finish Prime Minister's Office

The Climate Friendly Materials Platform

Period October 2019 - December 2020
Funded By

European Climate Foundation

Climate Diplomacy 2019-2020

Period December 2019 - December 2020
Funded By


German Federal Foreign Office

ROLECS - Roll-Out of Local Energy Communities

Period January 2019 - December 2020
Funded By


COP21: Results, Implications, Pathways and Policies for Low-Emissions European Societies (COP21-RIPPLES)

Period December 2016 - November 2020
Funded By

European Commission - Horizon 2020

BFSJ: Production of fully synthetic paraffinic jet fuel from wood and other biomass

Period January 2015 - December 2019
Funded By

European Commission - FP7

Jean Monnet Chair: rECOncile - Rethinking the European Economy, Ecology, and their Interactions

Period September 2016 - August 2019
Funded By

European Commission - Jean Monnet Chair

PARENT - Participatory platform for sustainable energy management

Period March 2016 - February 2019
Funded By

European Commission - Horizon 2020

Innoviris Brussels