Centre for Environment, Economy and Energy


The researchers of the Centre for Environment, Economy and Energy (C3E) operate at the crossroads of today’s turbulent transitions, which constitute key governance challenges and opportunities in Europe and worldwide. The sustainability imperative requires private and public decision-makers to steer our societies towards decarbonised, resource efficient economies as recognised in the European Green Deal, New Generation Europe, in the 2015 Paris Agreement and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). If governed successfully, this presents the prospect of rejuvenating our socio-economic and political systems, making them fit for a sustainable future.

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The Centre analyses and develops innovative legal and policy instruments that can be used to govern the transitions, within the EU and in its external relations. Positioning ourselves at the interface of academia with political, legal and other societal decision-making, we focus in particular on the international and European governance of the environmental, economic and energy transitions and their interactions.

Today’s transitions entail a techno-economic element about how innovation in different sectors of our (market) economies can come about and conquer the marketplace. Our researchers also pay attention to the governance of democratic transitions, and the ensuing reconciliation of diverging societal values.

Key Themes

  • The techno-economic transition
  • Democratic transition governance
  • Reconciliation of values
  • Innovative laws, policies and policy frameworks
  • European external relations
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What's new

In the media

Why is the fate of Azerbaijani gas in Europe still uncertain? (in Azeri)

Source: Radio Free Europe
BSoG team: Marco Giuli
Posted on 13.10.2021
In the press

Climate Populism Is a Gathering Storm in Europe

Source: Bloomberg
BSoG team: Marco Giuli
Posted on 20.09.2021
In the press


Curiae Virides

Period January 2021 - December 2025
Funded By

ERC (European Research Council)

Power to X and Carbon Capture & Utilization Roadmap for Belgium

Period March 2020 - February 2025
Funded By

Directorate-General for Energy

PLATON - PLATform for Open and Nationally accessible climate policy knowledge

Period January 2019 - December 2022
Funded By

Fridtjof Nansen Institute

The Research Council of Norway

Policy integration: decarbonisation and security of supply in the European Union's external energy policy

Period January 2019 - December 2022
Funded By

Fonds Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek